D R Y N A R I A . 1 2

General Activities
tonify yang, vitalise blood, nourish blood, strengthen tendons and cartilage

Sample Indications for Use
osteoarthritis, back pain with chill sensation, recovery from injury or surgical treatment of lower back or limbs, sciatica

To Personalise, Add
Eucommia 18 for yang deficiency
Millettia 9 for numbness in the limbs
Gecko A or Mans Treasure for backache, fatigue, and/or impotence
Tang Kuei Tablets for accompanying blood deficiency
Chiang Huo 13, Acanthopanax 10 or Liquidambar 15 for arthralgia, sciatica, and tendon disorders

This formula may have prompt action within a few days, but may need to be used for several months to effectively treat the disease condition.

Manufacturing Specifications
Crude herbs are powdered, combined with drynaria and millettia extracts, formed into 700 mg tablets. Bottling of 100 and 250 tablets.

Explanatory Notes
Drynaria 12 was devised on the basis of a treatment described in the contemporary Chinese medical literature which was reported to be highly effective in alleviating the pain of osteoarthritis. This joint condition differs from rheumatoid arthritis. From the traditional viewpoint, osteoarthritis tends to arise from kidney yang deficiency and it manifests as sharp pain (sign of blood stasis syndrome at a fixed site, most often in the lower body); by contrast rheumatoid arthritis arises from invasion of wind, cold, and damp (see Chiang huo 13, Cinnamon 14). Sometimes rheumatoid arthritis manifests locally as heat (see: Clerodendron 6). Drynaria 12 focuses on tonifying the kidney yang (drynaria, dipsacus, eucommia, deer antler) and vitalising blood circulation (millettia, tang kuei, achyranthes, cnidium). It is structured somewhat like the well-known traditional arthritis remedy Tu huo and Loranthus Combination (Duhuo Jisheng Tang), which is applied to chronic arthritis affecting the lower body. The principal difference is the addition of the yang invigorating herbs drynaria, dipsacus, and deer antler, which also nourish the tendons (see Acanthopanax 10) and bones and help to protect the joint spaces. Deer antler contains glucosamine sulphate, a compound widely prescribed for patients with osteoarthritis; it nourishes the cartilage and synovial fluid. Additional glucosamine and additional dipsacus is obtained with Boswellamine (White Tiger). The same herbs used for osteoarthritis may be applicable to other disorders involving sharp pain, such as sciatica or gout. For additional blood vitalising therapy, add Millettia 9.

Drynaria (ext), Dipsacus, Rehmannia 10
%, Astragalus, Millettia (ext), Tang kuei, Achyranthes, Eucommia, Deer antler, Cnidium, Pine node, Tu huo
Pin Yin
gusuibu, xuduan, dihuang, huangqi, jixueteng, danggui, niuxi, duzhong, lurong, chuanxiong, songjie, duhuo